Gynaecology

Gynaecology focus on the non-pregnancy aspects of a woman’s reproductive health. Women often begin seeing a
Gynaecology when they become sexually active or at the onset of puberty if needed. Women visit their
Gynaecology through menopause and beyond.

Regular gynaecological exams are important for a woman’s health.
Gynaecology perform standard examinations, such as Pap tests and pelvic exams. They may also be seen for diagnosis and/or treatment of a variety of conditions, including:

  • Cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina or fallopian tubes
  • Prolapse: a condition in which the pelvic organs slip forward or downward within the body, often after menopause in women
  • Yeast or bacterial infections
  • Painful intercourse
  • Irregular menstruation or pain during menstruation.
  • Other menopause-related diseases
  • Endometriosis: a painful condition in which uterine tissue grows outside the uterus
  • Cervical and vaginal polyps
  • Fibroids: compact tumors that develop in the uterus
  • Ovarian cysts

In addition, a Gynaecology can perform surgical procedures on reproductive organs. Some of the most common procedures include:

  • Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus
  • Oophorectomy: Removal of the ovaries
  • Salpingectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes
  • Tubal ligation: Permanent birth control surgery
  • Cone biopsy: Removal of precancerous cells from the cervix after a Pap test
  • Labiaplasty: Surgical reshaping of external genitalia